Our Divine Constitution: President Ezra Taft Benson
Saturday Morning Session: October 1987
My beloved brethren and sisters, what a glorious blessing to be assembled in another
great general conference of the Church. I ask for an interest in your faith and prayers as I speak to
you about a subject that is very close to my heart and that affects the worldwide Church.
We have recently celebrated the bicentennial of the signing of the United States
Constitution. That commemorated the beginning of a series of events leading up to the
ratification of the Constitution, implementation of the government it created, and the writing and
ratification of the Bill of Rights. We look forward to the future commemoration of each of these
important events during the next four years. It is as a result of these events that we are able to
meet today in peace as members of the restored Church of Jesus Christ. For this we should all be
I desire, therefore, to speak to you about our divine Constitution, which the Lord said
"belongs to all mankind" (D&C 98:5) "and should be maintained for the rights and protection of
all flesh, according to just and holy principles" (D&C 101:77; italics added).
The Constitution of the United States has served as a model for many nations and is the
oldest constitution in use today.
"I established the Constitution of this land," said the Lord, "by the hands of wise men
whom I raised up unto this very purpose" (D&C 101:80).
For centuries the Lord kept America hidden in the hollow of His hand until the time was
right to unveil her for her destiny in the last days. "It is wisdom that this land should be kept as
yet from the knowledge of other nations," said Lehi, "for behold, many nations would overrun the
land, that there would be no place for an inheritance" (2 Nephi 1:8).
In the Lord's due time His Spirit "wrought upon" Columbus, the pilgrims, the Puritans,
and others to come to America. They testified of God's intervention in their behalf (see 1 Nephi
The Book of Mormon records that they humbled "themselves before the Lord; and the
power of the Lord was with them" (1 Nephi 13:16).
Our Father in Heaven planned the coming forth of the Founding Fathers and their form of
government as the necessary great prologue leading to the restoration of the gospel. Recall what
our Savior Jesus Christ said nearly two thousand years ago when He visited this promised land:
"For it is wisdom in the Father that they should be established in this land, and be set up as a free
people by the power of the Father, that these things might come forth" (3 Nephi 21:4). America,
the land of liberty, was to be the Lord's latter-day base of operations for His restored church.
The Declaration of Independence affirmed the Founding Fathers' belief and trust in God
in these words: "We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they
are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty
and the pursuit of Happiness."
The Doctrine and Covenants states, "We believe that no government can exist in peace,
except such laws are framed and held inviolate as will secure to each individual the free exercise
of conscience, the right and control of property, and the protection of life" (D&C 134:2). Life,
liberty, property--mankind's three great rights.
At the conclusion of the Declaration of Independence, they wrote, "And for the support of
this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge
to each other our lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor." This Declaration was a promise that
would demand terrible sacrifice on the part of its signers. Five of the signers were captured as
traitors and tortured before they died. Twelve had their homes ransacked and burned. Two lost
their sons in the Revolutionary War, another had two sons captured. Nine died from wounds or
from the hardships of the war. The Lord said He "redeemed the land by the shedding of blood"
(D&C 101:80). Nephi recorded that the Founders "were delivered by the power of God out of the
hands of all other nations" (1 Nephi 13:19).
The years immediately preceding the Constitutional Convention were filled with
disappointments and threats to the newly won peace. Washington was offered a kingship, which
he adamantly refused. Nephi had prophesied hundreds of years before that "this land shall be a
land of liberty unto the Gentiles, and there shall be no kings upon the land" (2 Nephi 10:11;
Between the critical years of 1783 and 1787, an outsider viewing the affairs of the United
States would have thought that the thirteen states, different in so many ways, could never
effectively unite. The world powers were confident that this nation would not last.
Eventually, twelve of the states met in Philadelphia to address the problem. Madison said
at the beginning of the Convention that the delegates "were now digesting a plan which in its
operation would decide forever the fate of Republican Government" (26 June 1787, Records of
the Federal Convention; 1911, 1:423).
"The Lord knoweth all things from the beginning," said Nephi, "wherefore, he prepareth a
way to accomplish all his words among the children of men" (1 Nephi 9:6).
Four months later, the Convention delegates had completed their work. As Gladstone
said, it was "the most wonderful work ever struck off at a given time by the brain and purpose of
man" (William Gladstone, North American Review, Sept.Oct. 1878, pp. 18586), and the Prophet
Joseph Smith called it "a glorious standard. . . . a heavenly banner" (Teachings of the Prophet
Joseph Smith, sel. Joseph Fielding Smith, Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1938, p. 147).
The delegates were the recipients of heavenly inspiration. James Madison, often referred
to as the father of the Constitution wrote:
"It is impossible for the man of pious reflection not to perceive in it a
finger of that Almighty hand which has been so frequently and signally
extended to our relief in the critical stages of the revolution" (The Federalist,
ed. Henry Cabot Lodge, New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1983, no. 37, p. 222).
Alexander Hamilton, famous as the originator of The Federalist papers and author of
fifty-one of the essays, said: "For my own part, I sincerely esteem it a system, which without the
finger of God, never could have been suggested and agreed upon by such a diversity of interest"
(Paul L. Ford, Essays on the Constitution of the United States, 1892, pp. 25152).
Charles Pinckney, a very active participant and author of the Pinckney Plan during the
Convention, said: "When the great work was done and published, I was struck with amazement.
Nothing less than the superintending Hand of Providence, that so miraculously carried us
through the war . . . could have brought it about so complete, upon the whole" (Essays on the
Constitution, p. 412).
Within ten months, the Constitution was ratified by nine states and was therefore in force
for them. Prophecy had been fulfilled.
During his first inaugural address in 1789, President George Washington, a man who was
raised up by God, said:
"No people can be bound to acknowledge and adore the Invisible Hand
which conducts the affairs of men, more than the people of the United States.
Every step by which they have advanced to the character of an independent
nation seems to have been distinguished by some token of providential
agency" (First Inaugural Address, 30 April 1789).
In compliance with Article 6 of the Constitution, the very first act passed by Congress and
signed by President Washington on June 1, 1789, was the actual oath to support the Constitution
that was to be administered to various government officers.
The dedicatory prayer for the Kirtland Temple, as dictated by the Lord and found in the
Doctrine and Covenants, contains these words: "May those principles, which were so honorably
and nobly defended, namely, the Constitution of our land, by our fathers, be established forever"
Think of it: the Founding Fathers of this nation, those great men, appeared within those
sacred walls and had their vicarious work done for them.
President Wilford Woodruff spoke of it in these words:
"Before I left St. George, the spirits of the dead gathered around me,
wanting to know why we did not redeem them. Said they, 'You have had the
use of the Endowment House for a number of years, and yet nothing has ever
been done for us. We laid the foundation of the government you now enjoy,
and we never apostatized from it, but we remained true to it and were faithful
to God' " (The Discourses of Wilford Woodruff, sel. G. Homer Durham, Salt
Lake City: Bookcraft, 1946, p. 160).
After he became President of the Church, President Wilford Woodruff declared that
"those men who laid the foundation of this American government were the best spirits the God of
heaven could find on the face of the earth. They were choice spirits . . . [and] were inspired of the
Lord" (in Conference Report, April 1898, p. 89).
Unfortunately, we as a nation have apostatized in various degrees from different
Constitutional principles as proclaimed by the inspired founders. We are fast approaching that
moment prophesied by Joseph Smith when he said:
"Even this nation will be on the very verge of crumbling to pieces and
tumbling to the ground, and when the Constitution is upon the brink of ruin,
this people will be the staff upon which the nation shall lean, and they shall
bear the Constitution away from the very verge of destruction" (19 July 1840,
as recorded by Martha Jane Knowlton Coray; ms. in Church Historian's
Office, Salt Lake City).
For centuries our forefathers suffered and sacrificed that we might be the recipients of the
blessings of freedom. If they were willing to sacrifice so much to establish us as a free people,
should we not be willing to do the same to maintain that freedom for ourselves and for future
Only in this foreordained land, under its God-inspired Constitution and the resulting
environment of freedom, was it possible to have established the restored church. It is our
responsibility to see that this freedom is perpetuated so that the Church may more easily flourish
in the future.
The Lord said, "Therefore, I, the Lord, justify you, and your brethren of my church, in
befriending that law which is the constitutional law of the land" (D&C 98:6).
How then can we best befriend the Constitution in this critical hour and secure the
blessings of liberty and ensure the protection and guidance of our Father in Heaven?
First and foremost, we must be righteous.
John Adams said,
"Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. It is
wholly inadequate to the government of any other." (The Works of John
Adams, ed. C.F. Adams, Boston: Little, Brown Co., 1851, 4:31). If the
Constitution is to have continuance, this American nation, and especially the
Latter-day Saints, must be virtuous.
The Book of Mormon warns us relative to our living in this free land:
"Wherefore, this land is consecrated unto him whom he shall bring. And if
it so be that they shall serve him according to the commandments which he
hath given, it shall be a land of liberty unto them; wherefore, they shall never
be brought down into captivity; if so, it shall be because of iniquity; for if
iniquity shall abound cursed shall be the land for their sakes, but unto the
righteous it shall be blessed forever" (2 Nephi 1:7).
"And now," warned Moroni, "we can behold the decrees of God concerning this land, that
it is a land of promise; and whatsoever nation shall possess it shall serve God, or they shall be
swept off when the fulness of his wrath shall come upon them. And the fulness of his wrath
cometh upon them when they are ripened in iniquity" (Ether 2:9).
Two great American Christian civilizations--the Jaredites and the Nephites--were swept
off this land because they did not "serve the God of the land, who is Jesus Christ" (Ether 2:12).
What will become of our civilization?
Second, we must learn the principles of the Constitution in the tradition of the Founding
Have we read the Federalist papers? Are we reading the Constitution and pondering it?
Are we aware of its principles? Are we abiding by these principles and teaching them to others?
Could we defend the Constitution? Can we recognize when a law is constitutionally unsound?
Do we know what the prophets have said about the Constitution and the threats to it?
As Jefferson said, "If a nation expects to be ignorant and free . . . it expects what never
was and never will be" (Letter to Colonel Charles Yancey, 6 Jan. 1816).
Third, we must become involved in civic affairs to see that we are properly represented.
The Lord said that "he holds men accountable for their acts in relation" to governments
"both in making laws and administering them" (D&C 134:1). We must follow this counsel from
the Lord: "Honest men and wise men should be sought for diligently, and good men and wise
men ye should observe to uphold; otherwise whatsoever is less than these cometh of evil" (D&C
Note the qualities that the Lord demands of those who are to represent us. They must be
good, wise, and honest.
Fourth, we must make our influence felt by our vote, our letters, our teaching, and our
advice. We must become accurately informed and then let others know how we feel. The Prophet
Joseph Smith said: "It is our duty to concentrate all our influence to make popular that which is
sound and good, and unpopular that which is unsound. 'Tis right, politically, for a man who has
influence to use it . . . From henceforth I will maintain all the influence I can get" (History of the
I have faith that the Constitution will be saved as prophesied by Joseph Smith. It will be
saved by the righteous citizens of this nation who love and cherish freedom. It will be saved by
enlightened members of this Church--among others--men and women who understand and
abide the principles of the Constitution.
I reverence the Constitution of the United States as a sacred document. To me its words
are akin to the revelations of God, for God has placed His stamp of approval upon it.
I testify that the God of heaven sent some of His choicest spirits to lay the foundation of
this government, and He has now sent other choice spirits to help preserve it.
We, the blessed beneficiaries of the Constitution, face difficult days in America, "a land
which is choice above all other lands" (Ether 2:10).
May God give us the faith and the courage exhibited by those patriots who pledged their
lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor.
May we be equally as valiant and as free, I pray in the name of Jesus Christ, amen.