The Constitution of the Founding Fathers
The Constitution of the Founding Fathers

Table of Contents

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4

Appendix 1
Appendix 2
Appendix 3

The Constitution of the Founding Fathers


Jerome Horowitz Attorney at Law

© Copyright 1978, 1992, 1994 and 1996

by Jerome Horowitz [p. ii]

The Constitution of the Founding Fathers

By Jerome Horowitz

“We must learn the principles of the Constitution in the tradition of the Founding Fathers.” Ezra Taft Benson

Partial List of Contents

Part I. Perspective


      1       Perspective of this work
      1       Stature of Founding Fathers
      2       Constitution not outmoded
      2       Declaration of Independence is foundation for understanding Constitution
      3       Human nature tendencies of those with power the great threat to freedom
      4       Concern over deeper level of human nature—deliberate conspiracy against freedom
      5       Separation of powers the basic safeguard of liberty
      6       Checks and balances indispensable to prevent gradual concentration of separated powers
      6       Inviolate property rights essential to freedom
      7       Attack on freedom usually begins with attack on property rights
      7       Government management of economy as danger to freedom
      8       Government welfare programs as danger to freedom
      9       Property qualification for vote
      10       Sound currency essential to stable government (See also pages 25-26)
      11       Carefully avoided establishing a democracy (See also pages 77-78)
      11       Constitution can function only among a religious people [p. x]

Part II. Constitution


      13       Preamble
      14       Legislative powers in general
      15       Legislative power vested in Congress
      15       House of Representatives
      18       Senate
      20       Federal elections
      21       Salaries of Congressmen
      22       Veto power
      23       Enumerated powers of Congress
      24       Taxing power and welfare clause
      24       Regulate commerce
      25       Money and weights and measures
      29       Restrictions on powers of Congress
      30       Restrictions on states
      32       Executive power vested in President
      34       Selection of President
      38       Commander in Chief
      40       Treaties
      41       Appointing federal officers
      42       Faithfully execute laws
      42       Grounds for impeachment
      43       Judicial power vested in Supreme Court and inferior federal courts
      44       Limited federal court jurisdiction
      46       Authority to declare act of Congress unconstitutional
      46       Problem of judicial usurpation
      47       Matters concerning states
      49       Amendments
      50       Debts, supremacy clause, oath [p. x]

Part III. Bill of Rights


      52       Preliminary material on Bill of Rights
      54       1st Amendment—religion and speech
      58       2nd Amendment—keep and bear arms
      59       3rd Amendment—quartering troops
      60       4th Amendment—right of privacy
      61       5th Amendment—grand jury—double jeopardy—self incrimination—fair trail—eminent domain
      66       6th Amendment—criminal prosecutions—speedy public trial—impartial jury—informed of accusation—witnesses—counsel
      71       7th Amendment—civil suits—jury trials—reexamination
      73       8th Amendment—bail—fines—punishments [p. xi]
      74       9th Amendment—retained rights
      74       10th Amendment—undelegated powers

Part IV. Amendments Subsequent to Bill of Rights


      76       Preliminary material on subsequent amendments
      76       11th Amendment—clarification of federal judicial power
      77       12th Amendment—changing electoral college system to accommodate party politics
      79       Why so rapid a departure from the system of the Framers
      80       The French Revolution as a corrupting counterfeit
      82       Influence of the French Revolution in America
      86       13th Amendment—slavery abolished in spite of contrary state laws
      87       14th Amendment—using Federal power to undermine political strength of South
      92       15th Amendment—compelling states to give vote to former slaves
      92       16th Amendment—authorizing Federal government to violate property rights through income tax
      101       17th Amendment—depriving states of representation in Federal government
      103       18th Amendment—depriving states of right to decide whether to prohibit intoxicating [p. xii]
      103       19th Amendment—compelling states to give vote to women
      103       20th Amendment—shortened delay between election and taking office
      103       21st Amendment—repealed 18th Amendment
      103       22rd Amendment—limited President to two terms
      104       23rd Amendment—people in District of Columbia authorized to vote for President and Vice President
      104       24th Amendment—deprived states of right to require even minimal property qualification to vote in federal elections
      105       25th Amendment—interim replacement of Vice President and Presidential disability
      105       26th Amendment—compelling states to give vote to 18 year olds
      106       27th Amendment—changes in compensation of Senators and Representatives

Appendix 1 Some Action Thoughts for Latter-day Saints
Appendix 2 Text of Declaration of Independence with Explanatory Comments
Appendix 3 Text of Constitution and Amendments with Explanatory Comments

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